Nexgard

Nexgard

About Nexgard

  • Nexgard comes to us from the makers of Frontline Plus.  Nexgard is administered orally setting it apart from other flea and tick preventatives.
  • Nexgard kills adult fleas before they lay eggs and prevents ticks.
  • Nexgard is FDA approved and safe to use in dogs.
  • It contains an ingredient, afoxolaner, that helps treat and
    control fleas and ticks and keeps killing for a full 30 days.

Watch the NexGard TV commercial.

Here’s your chance to get up front and center with some of the cutest dogs you’ve ever seen. Meet Rascal, Kip, Twitch, Dart, Kip, Serious and Oliver. Just to mention a few.

They’re all stars in the NexGard TV commercial. Sit back and watch dog after dog sniff, lick and beg on the silver screen.

Common Questions

  1. How does Nexgard kill fleas?  NexGard contains the ingredient afoxolaner. Afoxolaner kills fleas by over-stimulating their nervous system.
  2. How long does it take NexGard to kill fleas?  In a study, Nexgard killed 100% of fleas in 24 hours.
  3. Why am I seeing more fleas on my pet after administering Nexgard? NexGard stimulates the fleas’ nervous system, causing them to rise to the top of your dog’s haircoat as they die.
  4. How long after administering NexGard to my dog can he be bathed or go swimming? Because NexGard is an oral product, swimming or bathing has no effect on NexGard. Your dog’s coat can get wet immediately after taking NexGard.
  5. Can I use it if my dog is on medication?  In a well-controlled field study, NexGard was used concomitantly with other medications, such as vaccines, anthelmintics, antibiotics (including topicals), steroids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), anesthetics, and antihistamines.
  6. Is Nexgard safe to use with any breed of dog?  NexGard is safe and effective in any breed of dog when used as directed.
  7. Can NexGard be used on cats and other pets?  No. NexGard should be used on dogs only.
  8. Can I administer it more than once a month?  Do not re-administer NexGard before the month is through. It keeps working for a full 30 days.
  9. Where can I get NexGard?  NexGard is a prescription product. Federal (USA) law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian. Only at your vet can you get expert advice and special savings.
  10. How old does my dog need to be in order to take NexGard?  NexGard can be used in puppies 8 weeks of age or older and weighing 4 pounds or greater.
  11. Are there any side effects of NexGard?  NexGard is for dogs only and hasn’t been evaluated for use in pregnant, breeding or lactating dogs. Reported side effects include vomiting, dry/flaky skin, diarrhea, lethargy, and lack of appetite. Use with caution in dogs with a history of seizures.
Heartgard

Heartgard

Heartgard-Plus.001Heartworms can infect your pet without you even knowing it.  The best way to protect your dog is to prevent heartworm disease – the risk, expense, and emotional toll of treatment are significant.

HEARTGARD Plus helps prevent canine heartworm disease, and treats and controls roundworms and hookworms, too.

 

 

Heartgard Facts

  • When used monthly as directed can help prevent heartworm infection in your dog – and can help your dog avoid the risk, stress, and long periods of confinement that go along with treatment for canine heartworm disease.
  • Made with real beef – dogs love the taste.
  • Convenient, easy-to-give chewable that most dogs will eat right out of your hand.
  • Available in three dosage strengths for dogs of different weights. Your veterinarian will select the dosage that’s right for your dog.
  • Wide margin of safety for dogs of all breeds and sizes when used as directed. It is approved for puppies as young as 6 weeks, pregnant or breeding female dogs, and stud dogs.

How it Works

When given monthly as directed, HEARTGARD Plus is effective in helping to prevent heartworm disease in dogs. Each bite from an infected mosquito can introduce new heartworm larvae into your dog’s bloodstream and reinfect an unprotected dog. Use of HEARTGARD Plus every month as directed kills immature heartworms introduced to the dog in the last 30 days, preventing the development of adult heartworms.

HEARTGARD Plus also kills canine roundworms and hookworms in the dog’s intestinal tract.

Kennel Cough

If you own a dog, you’ve probably witnessed them coughing. As with people there are many things that can causing coughing in dogs. However, when dogs are exposed to a lot of other dogs (daycare, boarding etc) simple respiratory infections are the most common culprit. The symptoms of this infection is usually a mild and self limiting cough, but it often highly contagious. Although it’s uncommon, any cough has the potential to lead to a more serious infection.

What causes kennel cough? In recent years, it has been determined that kennel cough is usually not caused by a single agent, but is often a combination of viruses or bacteria which act together. The condition is referred to Canine Infectious Respiratory Disease Complex (CIRD). Most of the causes for kennel cough are actually viral, similar to the common cold in people. We routinely vaccinate for a number of these viruses, including distemper virus, parainfluenza virus, and adenovirus. However, there are a number of recently discovered viruses which can also cause similar signs that we do not routinely vaccinate for. These include the canine influenza (dog flu),  the canine respiratory corona virus, and others that have not yet been identified. Because most of these infections are usually mild and resolve on their own, identifying them does not usually ultimately affect treatment. This is why veterinarians usually do not perform diagnostics to determine what’s causing the cough.

Isn’t the canine flu (CIV) more serious than these other infections? Yes and no. Dogs exposed to canine influenza can have a wide range of signs, including nasal discharge, fever, cough, and lethargy. As with the other viral infections, most young healthy dogs get better with little or no treatment at all over a 2-3 week period. Older or immunocompromised dogs are more at risk for this normally mild infection to develop into pneumonia.  Although there have been confirmed cases of CIV in Pennsylvania, we are not sure how prevalent it is in our population.

Well then what about bordetella? Bordetella Bronchiseptica is a highly contagious bacteria which can cause an infection of the trachea and upper airways. It can also remain in the airways of asymptomatic dogs for weeks to months. Unfortunately, immunity (either from vaccines or previous exposure) can be short lived. As with most of the other infections, bordetella usually causes a mild short term cough without any severe signs. Puppies, most notably brachycephalic (short faced) breeds more likely to develop pneumonia from a routine bordetella infection than other dogs.

Why do these dogs always appear to develop a cough right after they come home from a boarding facility? Lots of factors make dogs either more or less susceptible to these infections. Exposure, stress, nutrition, vaccination or exposure history, and overall health affect a dog’s immunity. For many dogs boarding can be a very stressful situation, which can further suppress their immune system, predisposing them to clinical symptoms.

How contagious are these agents? Unfortunately, all of the causes for kennel cough are highly contagious. Most infections are spread through aerosol (moisture droplets) from sneezing or coughing, and also through fomites. A fomite is any object which can transport the virus including people, clothing, shoes, or anything which is moved from one area to another. Veterinarians recommend that any dog that is suspected of having kennel cough be isolated from other dogs for 14 days, however they are usually only contagious for the first 7-10 days of illness.

Should I be worried about bringing a coughing dog around my dog?  As we just discussed, most of the agents are highly infectious to other dogs. Whether a dog develops a cough from these viruses is entirely dependant on their immunity, which is shaped by their previous exposure (doggie day care etc) or vaccinations. Most young, healthy, vaccinated dogs are not at risk of becoming very sick from exposure to a new house mate. Similar to sending your children to school, there is always the risk of a dog developing a cough despite being the healthiest dog on the block. The more important point is that these infections are almost always mild, short lived and should not cause any lasting harm.

If most of these infections are viral, why does my veterinarian often treat with antibiotics? As in people, most viral infections cannot be treated directly. The main concern with a primary viral infection is that a secondary bacterial infection can develop. By treating with antibiotics, we can decrease the chance that a cough will develop into pneumonia. In addition, because bordetella is a bacteria and not a virus, it is susceptible to an antibiotic called doxycycline.  Thus, a course of doxycycline not only treats the bacteria but also can also limit the period in which it is contagious to other dogs.

When and why should I vaccinate? Unfortunately, immunity to bordetella is short lived, and most veterinarians recommend that any dog at high risk (doggie day care, grooming facilities, boarding facilities etc) be vaccinated as often as every 6 months. The vaccination can be either intranasal or injectable. Both of these work well, however the intranasal is much quicker in providing an immune response. There is also a vaccination for CIV (canine flu) available, and although we do not know how common CIV is in our local dog population, veterinarians currently recommend the vaccine for any dogs who fall within that same high risk category.  As with the flu vaccine in people, none of these are 100% protective. Most boarding facilities require these vaccinations not just for your dog’s well being, but also to keep the prevalence of these infectious agents to a minimum in their facility.

When should I be concerned that this is more serious than kennel cough? It is important to understand that there are many causes for coughing in dogs. If a cough is from CIRD your dog would have a history of interaction with other dogs, and the cough would start within the first week or so after exposure. The main concern with CIRD is it’s potential to lead to pneumonia, which is an infection of the lungs. If your dog’s cough persists for more than 3 weeks, if your dog becomes lethargic, stops eating, or is having difficulty breathing, he or she should be evaluated by a veterinarian as soon as possible. Heart disease, heartworm infection, lower airway disease (similar to asthma or COPD in people), parasitic or fungal infection, cancer and others are all possible causes for a cough. If a cough slowly progresses over weeks to months, and is unresponsive to antibiotics, it may not be a simple case of kennel cough. A physical exam by a veterinarian and chest x-rays are usually the next step to evaluate the lungs and airways.

 

Why Does My Indoor Pet Need A Rabies Vaccine? 2016

Why Does My Indoor Pet Need A Rabies Vaccine? 2016

We often are asked “Why do I need to get the rabies vaccine if my pets never go outside where they can be exposed to rabies?” The simple answer is any indoor pet can get loose and run out the door.   In addition, rabid animals do not act like normal animals and there are accounts of raccoons breaking thru screens and coming indoors or wandering into homes thru the basement or garage. It is also common for bats, which have a high incidence of rabies, to find their way indoors through small cracks.

The most important reason to get the rabies vaccine for your indoor pet is because it is the law. “Any person living in Pennsylvania, owning or keeping a pet 3 months of age or older, shall have the animal vaccinated against rabies” as stated under Chapter 16 of Pennsylvania Code.

rabies

Also, the consequences are quite severe for an unvaccinated pet. There are strict laws for unvaccinated animals with a bite or a scratch of unknown origin and for an unvaccinated animal that has bitten a human. Unvaccinated animals that have a bite or scratch of unknown origin or have bitten someone must be either euthanized or quarantined for a six month period. It less expensive to vaccinate your pet regularly then to have to quarantine your pet at a veterinary hospital for the six month period that is required by law. These penalties may seem severe, but remember that once the symptoms appear; there is no treatment for rabies.

It is important to remember to vaccinate your pet ferret against rabies also. By law it is mandated that they be vaccinated regularly.  It is  important to vaccinate any warm blooded pet to prevent the possible transmission of rabies to fellow pets and humans. Although the incidence of rabies cases in ferrets is low, it is important to air on the side of caution when dealing with rabies.

rabies facts

Rabies is a fatal disease transmittable to all warm blooded mammals and has considerable impact on public as well as veterinary health. Keeping your pets vaccinations up to date, including exclusively indoor pets, is extremely important and the only way to prevent this deadly disease and diminish the number of cases annually.

Meghan Burnell, AS, GVH Technician

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